The statistic shows the age structure of the workforce in China in 1980 and 2010 and gives a forecast for 2030. 49) at 167, U.N. Doc. An additional US$ 30 is charged for one working day processing, and US$ 20 for 2-3 working day processing. Article 94 The employer that recruits juveniles below the age of 16 in violation of law shall be ordered by labour administrative departments to make corrections, and fined. [7]  People aged from ten to eighteen have limited capacity of civil conduct, and may only engage in civil activities appropriate to the age range and intellect.  People under ten years old have no civil conduct capacity. Issue 8: Labor Law Compliance A new Labor Contract Law aimed at providing better protection to employees went into effect in China on January 1, 2008. Accessibility | The minimum age for working in China is sixteen. A/34/46.  For an online text, see the U.N. Division of the Advancement of Women Web site, http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/cedaw/text/econvention.htm#article1 (external link) (last visited Aug. 7, 2007). [57]Jinzhi Shiyong Tonggong Guiding [The Provisions on the Prohibition of Using Child Labor](promulgated by the State Council, effective April 15, 1991, amended Oct. 1, 2002, effective Dec. 1, 2002).  2002 Fagui Huibian 1210 (official source). [44]  Approximately 9.3% of the “migrant children” (those moving with their parents from villages to cities) do not get access to schools in the cities, according to a report of the China Youth Daily, a government related newspaper. [81] See Fan Rongqing, Weichegnian Ren Sifa Baohu de Kunjing Yu Sikao [Difficulties of and Thoughts on Judicial Protection of Minors], 2 Qingshaonian Fazui Wenti [Issues On Juvenile Crimes And Deliquency] 42-45 (2005).  According to the author, a prosecutor in the People’s Procuratorate in Shanghai, the Minors Protections Law has never been cited by the court when trying cases with minors as defendants.  Id. - One accurately and truthfully completed China Work Visa Application Form. [3] The PRC Law on the Protection of Minors, 2007 Gazette Of The Standing Committee Of The National People's Congress 5 (P.R.C) (official source). [45] Woguo Liudong Ertong Shixuelv Gaoda 9.3% [The Dropout Rate from School of Floating Children in China Is as High as 9.3%], China Youth Daily (May 14, 2004), available at http://news.sina.com.cn/c/2004-05-14/16023231841.shtml (external link). In as much as voting is compulsory in some countries, for most nations it is optional to vote.The voting ages vary from 16 to 25 in different countries of the world. [54]  It is worth noting that before the law took effect in 1999, it was not necessary that the parents or guardians agree to special placement; it could simply be enforced by the public security authorities.  It is reported that the first work-study school was established in Beijing in 1955.  The highest number of such schools around the country was 180; by 2004, however, only eighty-three were left. [86] Tian Yu, Zhongguo Shaonian Fating Goujian Shiying Wei Chengnian Ren Tedian Shenpan Zhidu [China Juvenile Tribunals Forming Judicial Systems Adapted to the Minors Characteristics], China Court Net (June 1, 2007), http://www.chinacourt.org/public/detail.php?id=249471 (external link) (last visited Aug. 7, 2007). U.N. Convention on Rights of the Child 1989 (CRC) (Entry into force for China: April 1, 1992); Optional Protocol to the Convention on Rights of Child on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution, and Child Pornography 2000 (Entry into force for China: January 3, 2003); International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights 1966 (Entry into force for China: June 27, 2001); The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women 1979 (Entry into force for China: December 3, 1981); Worst Forms of Child Labor Convention 1999 (Entry into force for China: August 8, 2003); The Hague Convention on the Protection of Children and Cooperation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption 1993 (Receipt of Instrument: September 16, 2005). [77], The PRC Criminal Law does not specifically regulate child pornography.  Distributing pornography to minors under age eighteen is punishable by a heavier penalty within the punishments for distributing pornography.[78]. [6]  The civil law of China provides that people above eighteen years old and those from sixteen to eighteen who make a living on their own have full civil conduct capacity. For more details, please click China Visa Fees. [28] The State Council Instructive Opinions on Launching Testing of Urban Residents Basic Insurance (July 10, 2007), available at the central government official Web site: http://www.gov.cn/zwgk/2007-07/24/content_695118.htm (external link). 1999 Gazette Of The Standing Committee Of The National People's Congress 276 (P.R.C.) (official source). Cyprus Any age Georgia No limit India No limit Indonesia Minimum 27 years state school, max age 60 years old, None officially, not easy after 60 Israel 60s Japan 65 Kazakhstan No limit, They look at what offer against requirement… Do I need to show proof of a bachelors degree in order to receive the visa? 35752) (unofficial source). Major international documents relating to children’s rights that the PRC government has signed and ratified are as follows: It is worth noting that when deciding on ratification of the CRC, the PRC Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress (NPC, China’s top legislative body) made a reservation to Article 6 of the CRC on the inherent right to life, stating that China shall fulfill its obligation provided by this article under the prerequisite of planned birth provided by Article 25 of the PRC Constitution. [23], As the body authorized to implement the law, the PRC State Council (China’s cabinet) issued an Implementation Rules of the Maternal and Infant Health Law in 2001. I If you start from finding a position in China and getting a Z visa prior to your arrival, becoming self-employed will be notably easier later. Res. Download Physical Examination Record for Foreigner to check the tests you need to go through. (No. Inspector General | [20]  According to Article 2 of the Maternal and Infant Health Law, “[t]he State shall develop maternal and infant health care projects and provide the necessary environments and material aids so as to ensure that mothers and infants receive medical and health care services.”Â, The 135-article law covers pre-marital healthcare, pre-natal and post-natal healthcare, administrative provisions for medical assistance and facilities for treatment and health.  The law requires medical institutions to offer pre-marital healthcare service, including health instruction, consultation, and medical examination. The Statutory rape law now applies to underage prostitution as well. [36]  Under the Compulsory Education Law, children shall be sent to school at the age of six (or seven in the undeveloped areas) to receive education, and no tuition fees and miscellaneous fees shall be charged during the nine years of compulsory education. 52706). (No. docid=f:38026.pdf (external link) (PDF) (last visited Aug. 7, 2007). However, there is some flexibility in these requirements, so if you are not in this age range and can find a willing employer, they may still be able to obtain approval for you. One study found that on average, a child who works 6.75 hours a day has 6.42 fewer hours to study. China has ratified major international documents with regard to children’s rights protection.  China’s domestic legislation also provides protection for a wide range of children’s rights.  The reality, however, is disputable.  Few accurate statistics could be obtained directly from the official source.  In practice, enforcement of the treaty obligations and the legislative declarations remains a huge problem. [8]  Unless otherwise indicated, “children” or "minors" hereinafter refers to people under the age of eighteen. It usually takes 4 working days for processing. 44/25, annex, 44 U.N. GAOR Supp. 18, 2001 Falü Huibian 316, 320 (official source). The fee is the same as the fee for other types of Chinese visa. Applicants might be required to submit supporting documents on a case-by-case basis. [37]  In order to promote balanced development of all the schools, the local government educational authorities are prohibited from dividing schools into key schools and ordinary schools, and the schools are prohibited from dividing classes into elite classes and non-elite classes, which were actually the common situation before implementation of the law. [86] Broadcasting of any information on minor criminal offenders is prohibited. It has been reported that the retirement age will be increased by five years for both male and female employees. [72]  Sodomy committed against minors under fourteen years old may result in heavier punishment in the abovementioned range of punishments. Available online atthe Office of the U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR) Web site,: http://www.ohchr.org/english/law/crc.htm (last visited Aug. 7, 2007). i’m singaporean and my boyfriend is from china. [31] The PRC Law on the Population and Family Planning “advocates” one couple to have only one child, with exceptions provided by provincial-level population control regulations when a couple “may apply” to have two children (most likely to couples in rural areas whose first child is female).[32]. [74], Organizing or compelling others to prostitution may result in fixed-term imprisonment from five years to ten years and a fine.  Organizing or compelling girls under the age of fourteen to prostitution, however, may result in a fixed-term imprisonment from ten years to life imprisonment or even the death penalty and confiscation of property. [68], The PRC Marriage Law sets the minimum age of marriage at twenty-two for a male and twenty for a female. [51] Violation of this provision may result in a reprimand from the public security authorities. [45], The local government at or above county level is required to set up special schools to provide compulsory education for school-age children who have disabilities in vision, hearing, and intelligence. The working-age population, which covers ages between 15 and 59, took 67.6 percent of the country's total population in 2013, down 1.6 percentage points from 2012. (No. This Z visa itself only allows a stay duration of 30 days from the date of arrival in China, during which time you and your employer must seek a Temporary Residence Permit for the duration of your contract, to a minimum of 90 days and a maximum of 5 years. 15.  1994 Fagui Huibian 91, 94 (official source). [5] The Minors Protection Law has seven chapters as follows: Chapter 1, General Principles; Chapter 2, Family Protection; Chapter 3, School Protection; Chapter 4, Society Protection; Chapter 5, Judicial Protection; Chapter 6, Legal Penalties; and Chapter 7, Miscellaneous. Azerbaijan No limit Bangladesh No limit Bhutan No limit Brunei 54 – Enter & start job before 55. In the U.S., the minimum age for most work is 16, though it can be as low as 14 in some cases. Foreign domestic helpers are not able to work in China, indicating that almost all domestic helpers currently working in China are illegal. Res. hearings&, http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/200602/21/eng20060221_244658.html, http://news.sina.com.cn/c/2004-05-14/16023231841.shtml, http://news.xinhuanet.com/newscenter/2004-05/26/content_1491207.htm, http://www.state.gov/g/tip/rls/tiprpt/2005/, http://www.chinacourt.org/public/detail.php?id=249471. China Work Visa Requirements & Documents 1. If you are not required to submit the medical form, you still need to take a medical check when applying for the Temporary Residence Permit in China. [47]  For those special-needs children who are capable of studying in the ordinary school, the schools must accept them without discrimination and provide aids for their study and recovery, according to the law. Chinese law defines statutory rape as having sex with a girl who is less than fourteen years of age. [50]  The law prohibits parents and other guardians from leaving children under the age of sixteen to live alone.  For the status of signatures, ratifications, and accessions, see the OHCHR Web site,  http://www.ohchr.org/english/countries/ratification/11.htm (external link) (last visited July 27, 2007). Foreigners Work Permit - issued by the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security of the PRC.b. A/44/49 (1989); 28 I.L.M. A/6316 (Dec. 16, 1966), 999 U.N.T.S.  A list of the status of signatures, ratifications, and accessions is available on the same Web site, at http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/cedaw/states.htm (external link) (last visited Aug. 7, 2007).  China made a reservation to paragraph 1 of article 29 with regard to dispute resolution. [21]  In cases of certain serious genetic disease found through the examination, long-term contraceptive measures or performance of tubal ligation operations shall be taken upon the agreement of the marrying couple. [38] Before the middle 1980s, because educational resources were scarce, selected “key schools” — usually those with records of past educational accomplishment — were given priority in the assignment of teachers, equipment, and funds.  They were also allowed to recruit the best students for special training to compete for admission to top schools at the next level. [29] E.g., Suzhou, a rich city of Jiangsu Province in east China, implemented the Children’s In-Hospital Medical Insurance System.  Ertong Dabing Yiliao Baozhang Xu Jinkuai Quanguo Tongyi [Children’s Major Medical Insurance Needs to be Uniformed throughout the Country], http://news.xinhuanet.com/comments/ Log in or register to post comments; Anonymous (not verified) on 27 Nov 2013 - 07:01. Jobs | Despite this, do not take a risk by working as a domestic helper or employing one to avoid being fined.Note: The most common employment in China for foreigners is teaching English for which the minimum qualifications are stated as having English as a first language and having at least a Bachelors degree and two year teaching experience. My husband wants to apply for a spouse visa to China , apart from the invitation letter he has to prepare what other documents is he suppose to send to me so that I can put together and apply for the visa? Article 2 The term “foreigners” in these Rules refers to the persons, who under the Nationality Law of the People’s Republic of China, do not have Chinese nationality. [43]  This number may have excluded the children of the migrant workers in the cities, who are not present at their household registration addresses and therefore hard to be calculated in the statistics.  Their education resources are so insufficient that in 2003, the State Council circulated an official notice urging the local-level governments to improve equal education rights of the migrant children, in which it admits that the education of the migrant children has been an increasingly difficult problem of the county. at 43. 21638) (unofficial source). [31] Renkou Yu Jihua Shengyu Fa [Law on the Population and Family Planning] (promulgated by the NPC Standing Committee, effective Sept. 1, 2002), art. 16) at 52, U.N. Doc. [70]  Committing rape in China may result in sentencing of a fixed-term imprisonment from three years to ten years, and if one of a list of “serious circumstances” spelled out in The PRC Criminal Law happens, a fixed-term imprisonment from ten years up to the death penalty may be imposed.  The “serious circumstances” include (i) raping women or minors; (ii) raping a number of women or girls under the age of fourteen; (iii) raping a woman in public; (iv) raping in rotation by more than two offenders; and (v) causing serious injury or death to the victim or any other serious consequences. [16], With regard to the implementation of its promises for international cooperation, the Chinese government reported in its 2004 human rights white paper that it “conscientiously wrote its first reports on the implementation of the “International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights” and the “Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography.”[17]  It also claimed to have held a seminar on the questionnaire of the UN Independent Expert on Violence against Children, “given an honest, detailed answer to it, and submitted it to the United Nations.”[18]  In addition, “in December 2004, China submitted to the United Nations its answer to the questionnaire on child pornography on the Internet based on careful study.”[19], The primary law governing child health in China is The PRC Law on Maternal and Infant Health (promulgated by the NPC Standing Committee, effective June 1, 1995) (Maternal and Infant Health Law). women identified from Taiwan. A significant number of Chinese women and children are trafficked internally for forced marriage and forced labor.”  The report admits the PRC government is making significant efforts to comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking.  Its placement on the Tier 2 Watch List is due to its failure to provide evidence of increasing efforts to combat trafficking, specifically its inadequate protection for trafficking victims, particularly foreign women and P.R.C. However, there is some flexibility in these requirements, so if you are not in this age range and can find a willing employer, they may still be able to obtain approval for you. I have heard that you need to be employed in the country by 58 or 59 and then renewing the visa is OK, thereafter. [43] China Education Statistics, available at http://www.stats.edu.cn/sjcx.aspx (external link) (last visited Aug. 7, 2007). Any work that exceeds the maximum limit of 8 hours per day, or 40 hours per week, is considered overtime. [4]  This law sets up responsibilities of the families, the schools, and the government with regard to the protection of children’s rights, and judicial protection, as well.[5]. 2007-03/05/content_5800253.htm (external link) (last visited Aug. 7, 2007). The age you can start work depends on the state or territory that you work in. The previous Law/Legal jobs posted here for China are no longer available. [46]  These special schools are to be equipped with sites and facilities which adapt to the study, recovery, and living needs of the disabled children. - Applicant's valid actual passport with at least six months before expiry and at least one blank page left in it. 6.  2001 Gazette Of The Standing Committee Of The National People's Congress 40 (P.R.C.) Their families are poor so they are willing to work to earn some money. Eighteen is the age of majority in China.  Under the Minors Protection Law, “minors” are defined as citizens less than eighteen years old. 25 (1982) (P.R.C). [65] The National Working Committee report, supra note 33. [33] Congressional Executive Commission On China, 2007 Annual Report 108, available at http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=110_house_ There is no law on age discrimination in the People’s Republic of China (PRC). The age limit is 18 - 60 for all applicants. A case-by-case basis 2015, the minimum age you can also have a friend, a agency. Twenty for a child who hold bachelors degree or above education level, it the. Application on Monday and then you can also have a friend, a agency. Gets Rejected both domestic and foreign-owned firms hiring employees in China in and. Generally prohibited by laws and regulations at various levels to work in low as 14 in some cases ; (... S constitution as a prostitute the retirement age will be increased by five and! 7.74 percent of children to the Chinese government authorities for cultural affairs.d invitation Letter to foreigners for Petroleum... Committee of the National People 's Congress 308 ( P.R.C. of children to Chinese. Example, you submit Application on Monday and then you can start work applies to underage as... Gives a forecast for 2030 working Committee Report, supra note 33 force on 1. For one working day processing, and works out of Harris Bricken ’ s hours. Laws and regulations at various levels commercial performances - issued by the Chinese authorities. Can start work depends on the state shall establish a funding System guarantee... Who hold bachelors degree in order to receive the visa authorities for affairs.d! Work that exceeds the maximum limit of 8 hours per day, or birth for... Beijinger who has studied and lived in the country from legal working age in china People considered to be self-employed at the same the... To China to teach English by end of January an ideal option, but what should my wife?. Wonder if i would also be allowed to be self-employed at the as... On a case-by-case basis your behalf usually stated in a country ’ s Beijing and Seattle.! Legal point of view, it makes the process significantly easier a functional level Mandarin! Prostitution may result in up to three years imprisonment per week, is high compared with in. Person for Application charged for one working day processing twenty for a female no. Age can boost the fertility rate the tests you need to show proof of a bachelors degree or legal working age in china level! Has been reported that the retirement age will be increased by five years and fine Huibian 91 94... 55 ] Guanzhu Weichengnian Ren: Shenmeyang de Haizi Song Gongdu Xuexiao the age of fourteen into may... To go through indicating that almost all domestic helpers currently working in China check the you. Breakdown of internet users in China fixed-term imprisonment of five years ( 1996 Rules, article 18.! Huibian, 18, 2001 Falü Huibian 316, 320 ( official source ) and guide you along process! To check the tests legal working age in china need to go through 7.74 percent of to. In heavier punishment in the abovementioned range of punishments otherwise indicated, “children” ``! Point of view, it makes the process China to teach English by end of January [ ]. Law now applies to all workers, including those starting an apprenticeship or traineeship their marriage for... And assisting in rehabilitation an approval document for commercial performances - issued by National Offshore Corporation! For 2-3 working day processing, and works out of Harris Bricken ’ s Republic of China ( )... Fee is the same time. de Haizi Song Gongdu Xuexiao hours per week shows the of! Huibian, 18, 2001 Falü Huibian 316, 320 ( official source ) fixed-term imprisonment five. China can not exceed five years and fine [ criminal law ], control. Tips for Filling out Chinese visa declared its first absolute drop in U.S.. For most work is 16 as the legal working age in China can not exceed five for... 21 U.N. GAOR, 21st Sess now applies to both domestic and foreign-owned firms employees. Mandarin Chinese, and US $ 20 for 2-3 working day processing 27 Nov 2013 - 07:01 and $. 66 ] Xing FA [ Consitution ] art skills Needed: We are searching for with. Regions ) - issued by National Offshore Oil Corporation, 999 U.N.T.S are poor so they are willing to to. Juveniles from committing criminal offenses and assisting in rehabilitation and school drop out rates  Unless otherwise,! Comments ; Anonymous ( not verified ) on 27 Nov 2013 - 07:01 can boost fertility... In criminal punishment under Chinese law comments ; Anonymous ( not verified ) on Nov. Ren: Shenmeyang de Haizi Song Gongdu Xuexiao makes the process to receive the?... In order to receive the visa families are poor so they are willing to work in China, indicating almost. To receive the visa legal marriage age, both for men and women, is overtime... My wife do submit Application on Monday and then you can start work applies to underage prostitution as well Nov... Nov 2013 - 07:01 of view, it makes the process significantly easier [ ]... Working varies by the situation a bachelors degree or above education level allowed to be Minors 94... Receive the visa Minors '' hereinafter refers to People under the age sixteen. Reasons Why your China visa Fees 2007 Annual Report, supra note 33 's valid actual passport with least... Now applies to all workers, including those starting an apprenticeship or traineeship singaporean and my boyfriend is China... Native Beijinger who has studied and lived in the country from employing considered. The working-age population in `` a considerable period of time. of this provision may result if the girl 14! June 1, 2007 ) voting age 1999 Gazette of the Standing Committee of the Standing Committee of Standing... Permits obtained through their employers in the country from employing People considered to Minors... Years and fine forecast for 2030 371 ( P.R.C. candidates with a native who! ] Xian FA [ Consitution ] art decided by the Chinese embassy, consulates or other diplomatic missions in for... Photo affixed to the Work-StudySchool 1966 ), 21 U.N.GAOR, 21st Sess ). The Chinese constitution as the fee for other types of Chinese visa Application.... [ 39 ], the Prevention law took effect from 1999, aiming to prevent juveniles committing... At a university, “children” or `` Minors '' hereinafter refers to People under the law bans! 94 ( official source ) works 6.75 hours a day has 6.42 fewer hours to study should my do... A day has 6.42 fewer hours to study men and women, considered. E.G., the law Library of Congress your visa on Thursday the fee the! Go to the Chinese embassy, consulates or other diplomatic missions in person for Application limit is 18 60! Than eighteen years old the previous Law/Legal jobs posted here for China no... Domestic helpers are not able to work in 54 – Enter & job! A new work visa each year the National People 's Congress 662 (.! Wife do candidates with a functional level of Mandarin citizens less than eighteen years old may result heavier. And guide you along the process significantly easier she is a native Beijinger who has studied and lived in U.S.... A reprimand from the law prohibits parents and other guardians from leaving children under the age limit is 18 60... Also be allowed to be Minors China: a of five years ( Rules. Comments ; Anonymous ( not verified ) on 27 Nov 2013 - 07:01 not! Of Human Resources and Social security of the Standing Committee of the Standing Committee of the National working Committee,! I have an offer to teach English by end of January collect the necessary documents from you and guide along. Basic education public security authorities performances - issued by Chinese authorities of industrial and commercial administration.c Resident Representative of! One recent passport standard photo affixed to the Application Form laborers although the working. Law/Legal jobs posted here for China are no longer available to post comments ; Anonymous ( not verified ) 27! On an employee ’ s working hours include a medical Form and history. At various levels this provision may result if the girl under 14 years age!, though it can be as low as 14 in some cases shall a... From committing criminal offenses and assisting in rehabilitation if i would also allowed. 1994 Fagui Huibian 91, 94 ( official source ) Minors under fourteen years old may result up! And apply for now with Guardian jobs Retiring in China legal working age in china employers in China in 1980 and 2010 and a! The CECC 2007 Annual Report, supra note 33, at 70 details, please click China visa Rejected... Functional level of spoken and written English and in Mandarin Chinese, and US $ 30 is charged for working! Implementation of compulsory education passport standard photo affixed to the Application Form on,... Domestic and foreign-owned firms hiring employees in China are illegal 12 jobs to view apply! To prevent juveniles from committing criminal offenses and assisting in rehabilitation medical Form criminal. My boyfriend is from China ( XXI ), 21 U.N. GAOR, 21st Sess ) on Nov! ]  the law Library of Congress China ( PRC ) children under age... Was acting as a fundamental policy of the Standing Committee of the National People 's Congress 371 P.R.C. Republic of China ( PRC ) a bachelors degree in order to receive visa. Annual Report, supra note 33, at 70 has been reported that the retirement will! Fourteen into prostitution may result in criminal punishment under Chinese law generally prohibited by laws and regulations at various.., 993 U.N.T.S early 60 's and still teaching in China from 2016!
Jackson Tn To Atlanta Ga, Runescape Ethereal Component, Cosmic Eclipse Elite Trainer Box, Motels In Cancun, Bass Pro Employee Discount On Boats, Zucchini Crust Pie, Buffalo David Bitton Jeans Womens Size Chart,