The statistic shows the age structure of the workforce in China in 1980 and 2010 and gives a forecast for 2030. 49) at 167, U.N. Doc. An additional US$ 30 is charged for one working day processing, and US$ 20 for 2-3 working day processing. Article 94 The employer that recruits juveniles below the age of 16 in violation of law shall be ordered by labour administrative departments to make corrections, and fined. Â People aged from ten to eighteen have limited capacity of civil conduct, and may only engage in civil activities appropriate to the age range and intellect.Â People under ten years old have no civil conduct capacity. Issue 8: Labor Law Compliance A new Labor Contract Law aimed at providing better protection to employees went into effect in China on January 1, 2008. Accessibility | The minimum age for working in China is sixteen. A/34/46.Â For an online text, see the U.N. Division of the Advancement of Women Web site, http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/cedaw/text/econvention.htm#article1 (external link) (last visited Aug. 7, 2007). Jinzhi Shiyong Tonggong Guiding [The Provisions on the Prohibition of Using Child Labor](promulgated by the State Council, effective April 15, 1991, amended Oct. 1, 2002, effective Dec. 1, 2002).Â 2002 Fagui Huibian 1210 (official source). Â Approximately 9.3% of the âmigrant childrenâ (those moving with their parents from villages to cities) do not get access to schools in the cities, according to a report of the China Youth Daily, a government related newspaper.  See Fan Rongqing, Weichegnian Ren Sifa Baohu de Kunjing Yu Sikao [Difficulties of and Thoughts on Judicial Protection of Minors], 2 Qingshaonian Fazui Wenti [Issues On Juvenile Crimes And Deliquency] 42-45 (2005).Â According to the author, a prosecutor in the Peopleâs Procuratorate in Shanghai, the Minors Protections Law has never been cited by the court when trying cases with minors as defendants.Â Id. - One accurately and truthfully completed China Work Visa Application Form.  The PRC Law on the Protection of Minors, 2007 Gazette Of The Standing Committee Of The National People's Congress 5 (P.R.C) (official source).  Woguo Liudong Ertong Shixuelv Gaoda 9.3% [The Dropout Rate from School of Floating Children in China Is as High as 9.3%], China Youth Daily (May 14, 2004), available at http://news.sina.com.cn/c/2004-05-14/16023231841.shtml (external link). In as much as voting is compulsory in some countries, for most nations it is optional to vote.The voting ages vary from 16 to 25 in different countries of the world. Â It is worth noting that before the law took effect in 1999, it was not necessary that the parents or guardians agree to special placement; it could simply be enforced by the public security authorities.Â It is reported that the first work-study school was established in Beijing in 1955.Â The highest number of such schools around the country was 180; by 2004, however, only eighty-three were left.  Tian Yu, Zhongguo Shaonian Fating Goujian Shiying Wei Chengnian Ren Tedian Shenpan Zhidu [China Juvenile Tribunals Forming Judicial Systems Adapted to the Minors Characteristics], China Court Net (June 1, 2007), http://www.chinacourt.org/public/detail.php?id=249471 (external link) (last visited Aug. 7, 2007). U.N. Convention on Rights of the Child 1989 (CRC) (Entry into force for China: April 1, 1992); Optional Protocol to the Convention on Rights of Child on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution, and Child Pornography 2000 (Entry into force for China: January 3, 2003); International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights 1966 (Entry into force for China: June 27, 2001); The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women 1979 (Entry into force for China: December 3, 1981); Worst Forms of Child Labor Convention 1999 (Entry into force for China: August 8, 2003); The Hague Convention on the Protection of Children and Cooperation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption 1993 (Receipt of Instrument: September 16, 2005). , The PRC Criminal Law does not specifically regulate child pornography.Â Distributing pornography to minors under age eighteen is punishable by a heavier penalty within the punishments for distributing pornography.. Â The civil law of China provides that people above eighteen years old and those from sixteen to eighteen who make a living on their own have full civil conduct capacity. For more details, please click China Visa Fees.  The State Council Instructive Opinions on Launching Testing of Urban Residents Basic Insurance (July 10, 2007), available at the central government official Web site: http://www.gov.cn/zwgk/2007-07/24/content_695118.htm (external link). 1999 Gazette Of The Standing Committee Of The National People's Congress 276 (P.R.C.) (official source). Cyprus Any age Georgia No limit India No limit Indonesia Minimum 27 years state school, max age 60 years old, None officially, not easy after 60 Israel 60s Japan 65 Kazakhstan No limit, They look at what offer against requirement… Do I need to show proof of a bachelors degree in order to receive the visa? 35752) (unofficial source). Major international documents relating to childrenâs rights that the PRC government has signed and ratified are as follows: It is worth noting that when deciding on ratification of the CRC, the PRC Standing Committee of the National Peopleâs Congress (NPC, Chinaâs top legislative body) made a reservation to Article 6 of the CRC on the inherent right to life, stating that China shall fulfill its obligation provided by this article under the prerequisite of planned birth provided by Article 25 of the PRC Constitution. , As the body authorized to implement the law, the PRC State Council (Chinaâs cabinet) issued an Implementation Rules of the Maternal and Infant Health Law in 2001. I If you start from finding a position in China and getting a Z visa prior to your arrival, becoming self-employed will be notably easier later. Res. Download Physical Examination Record for Foreigner to check the tests you need to go through. (No. Inspector General | Â According to Article 2 of the Maternal and Infant Health Law, â[t]he State shall develop maternal and infant health care projects and provide the necessary environments and material aids so as to ensure that mothers and infants receive medical and health care services.âÂ, The 135-article law covers pre-marital healthcare, pre-natal and post-natal healthcare, administrative provisions for medical assistance and facilities for treatment and health.Â The law requires medical institutions to offer pre-marital healthcare service, including health instruction, consultation, and medical examination. The Statutory rape law now applies to underage prostitution as well. Â Under the Compulsory Education Law, children shall be sent to school at the age of six (or seven in the undeveloped areas) to receive education, and no tuition fees and miscellaneous fees shall be charged during the nine years of compulsory education. 52706). (No. docid=f:38026.pdf (external link) (PDF) (last visited Aug. 7, 2007). However, there is some flexibility in these requirements, so if you are not in this age range and can find a willing employer, they may still be able to obtain approval for you. One study found that on average, a child who works 6.75 hours a day has 6.42 fewer hours to study. China has ratified major international documents with regard to childrenâs rights protection.Â Chinaâs domestic legislation also provides protection for a wide range of childrenâs rights.Â The reality, however, is disputable.Â Few accurate statistics could be obtained directly from the official source.Â In practice, enforcement of the treaty obligations and the legislative declarations remains a huge problem. Â Unless otherwise indicated, âchildrenâ or "minors" hereinafter refers to people under the age of eighteen. It usually takes 4 working days for processing. 44/25, annex, 44 U.N. GAOR Supp. 18, 2001 FalÃ¼ Huibian 316, 320 (official source). The fee is the same as the fee for other types of Chinese visa. Applicants might be required to submit supporting documents on a case-by-case basis. Â In order to promote balanced development of all the schools, the local government educational authorities are prohibited from dividing schools into key schools and ordinary schools, and the schools are prohibited from dividing classes into elite classes and non-elite classes, which were actually the common situation before implementation of the law.  Broadcasting of any information on minor criminal offenders is prohibited. It has been reported that the retirement age will be increased by five years for both male and female employees. Â Sodomy committed against minors under fourteen years old may result in heavier punishment in the abovementioned range of punishments. Available online atthe Office of the U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR) Web site,: http://www.ohchr.org/english/law/crc.htm (last visited Aug. 7, 2007). i’m singaporean and my boyfriend is from china. Â The PRC Law on the Population and Family Planning âadvocatesâ one couple to have only one child, with exceptions provided by provincial-level population control regulations when a couple âmay applyâ to have two children (most likely to couples in rural areas whose first child is female).. , Organizing or compelling others to prostitution may result in fixed-term imprisonment from five years to ten years and a fine.Â Organizing or compelling girls under the age of fourteen to prostitution, however, may result in a fixed-term imprisonment from ten years to life imprisonment or even the death penalty and confiscation of property. , The PRC Marriage Law sets the minimum age of marriage at twenty-two for a male and twenty for a female.  Violation of this provision may result in a reprimand from the public security authorities. , The local government at or above county level is required to set up special schools to provide compulsory education for school-age children who have disabilities in vision, hearing, and intelligence. The working-age population, which covers ages between 15 and 59, took 67.6 percent of the country's total population in 2013, down 1.6 percentage points from 2012. (No. This Z visa itself only allows a stay duration of 30 days from the date of arrival in China, during which time you and your employer must seek a Temporary Residence Permit for the duration of your contract, to a minimum of 90 days and a maximum of 5 years. 15.Â 1994 Fagui Huibian 91, 94 (official source).  The Minors Protection Law has seven chapters as follows: Chapter 1, General Principles; Chapter 2, Family Protection; Chapter 3, School Protection; Chapter 4, Society Protection; Chapter 5, Judicial Protection; Chapter 6, Legal Penalties; and Chapter 7, Miscellaneous. Azerbaijan No limit Bangladesh No limit Bhutan No limit Brunei 54 – Enter & start job before 55. In the U.S., the minimum age for most work is 16, though it can be as low as 14 in some cases. Foreign domestic helpers are not able to work in China, indicating that almost all domestic helpers currently working in China are illegal. Res. hearings&, http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/200602/21/eng20060221_244658.html, http://news.sina.com.cn/c/2004-05-14/16023231841.shtml, http://news.xinhuanet.com/newscenter/2004-05/26/content_1491207.htm, http://www.state.gov/g/tip/rls/tiprpt/2005/, http://www.chinacourt.org/public/detail.php?id=249471. China Work Visa Requirements & Documents 1. If you are not required to submit the medical form, you still need to take a medical check when applying for the Temporary Residence Permit in China. Â For those special-needs children who are capable of studying in the ordinary school, the schools must accept them without discrimination and provide aids for their study and recovery, according to the law. Chinese law defines statutory rape as having sex with a girl who is less than fourteen years of age. Â The law prohibits parents and other guardians from leaving children under the age of sixteen to live alone. Â For the status of signatures, ratifications, and accessions, see the OHCHR Web site,Â http://www.ohchr.org/english/countries/ratification/11.htm (external link) (last visited July 27, 2007). Foreigners Work Permit - issued by the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security of the PRC.b. A/44/49 (1989); 28 I.L.M. A/6316 (Dec. 16, 1966), 999 U.N.T.S. Â A list of the status of signatures, ratifications, and accessions is available on the same Web site, at http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/cedaw/states.htm (external link) (last visited Aug. 7, 2007).Â China made a reservation to paragraph 1 of article 29 with regard to dispute resolution. Â In cases of certain serious genetic disease found through the examination, long-term contraceptive measures or performance of tubal ligation operations shall be taken upon the agreement of the marrying couple.  Before the middle 1980s, because educational resources were scarce, selected âkey schoolsâ â usually those with records of past educational accomplishment â were given priority in the assignment of teachers, equipment, and funds.Â They were also allowed to recruit the best students for special training to compete for admission to top schools at the next level.  E.g., Suzhou, a rich city of Jiangsu Province in east China, implemented the Childrenâs In-Hospital Medical Insurance System.Â Ertong Dabing Yiliao Baozhang Xu Jinkuai Quanguo Tongyi [Childrenâs Major Medical Insurance Needs to be Uniformed throughout the Country], http://news.xinhuanet.com/comments/ Log in or register to post comments; Anonymous (not verified) on 27 Nov 2013 - 07:01. Jobs | Despite this, do not take a risk by working as a domestic helper or employing one to avoid being fined.Note: The most common employment in China for foreigners is teaching English for which the minimum qualifications are stated as having English as a first language and having at least a Bachelors degree and two year teaching experience. My husband wants to apply for a spouse visa to China , apart from the invitation letter he has to prepare what other documents is he suppose to send to me so that I can put together and apply for the visa? Article 2 The term “foreigners” in these Rules refers to the persons, who under the Nationality Law of the People’s Republic of China, do not have Chinese nationality. Â This number may have excluded the children of the migrant workers in the cities, who are not present at their household registration addresses and therefore hard to be calculated in the statistics.Â Their education resources are so insufficient that in 2003, the State Council circulated an official notice urging the local-level governments to improve equal education rights of the migrant children, in which it admits that the education of the migrant children has been an increasingly difficult problem of the county. at 43. 21638) (unofficial source).  Renkou Yu Jihua Shengyu Fa [Law on the Population and Family Planning] (promulgated by the NPC Standing Committee, effective Sept. 1, 2002), art. 16) at 52, U.N. Doc. Â Committing rape in China may result in sentencing of a fixed-term imprisonment from three years to ten years, and if one of a list of âserious circumstancesâ spelled out in The PRC Criminal Law happens, a fixed-term imprisonment from ten years up to the death penalty may be imposed.Â The âserious circumstancesâ include (i) raping women or minors; (ii) raping a number of women or girls under the age of fourteen; (iii) raping a woman in public; (iv) raping in rotation by more than two offenders; and (v) causing serious injury or death to the victim or any other serious consequences. , With regard to the implementation of its promises for international cooperation, the Chinese government reported in its 2004 human rights white paper that it âconscientiously wrote its first reports on the implementation of the âInternational Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rightsâ and the âOptional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography.âÂ It also claimed to have held a seminar on the questionnaire of the UN Independent Expert on Violence against Children, âgiven an honest, detailed answer to it, and submitted it to the United Nations.âÂ In addition, âin December 2004, China submitted to the United Nations its answer to the questionnaire on child pornography on the Internet based on careful study.â, The primary law governing child health in China is The PRC Law on Maternal and Infant Health (promulgated by the NPC Standing Committee, effective June 1, 1995) (Maternal and Infant Health Law). women identified from Taiwan. A significant number of Chinese women and children are trafficked internally for forced marriage and forced labor.âÂ The report admits the PRC government is making significant efforts to comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking.Â Its placement on the Tier 2 Watch List is due to its failure to provide evidence of increasing efforts to combat trafficking, specifically its inadequate protection for trafficking victims, particularly foreign women and P.R.C. However, there is some flexibility in these requirements, so if you are not in this age range and can find a willing employer, they may still be able to obtain approval for you. I have heard that you need to be employed in the country by 58 or 59 and then renewing the visa is OK, thereafter.  China Education Statistics, available at http://www.stats.edu.cn/sjcx.aspx (external link) (last visited Aug. 7, 2007). Any work that exceeds the maximum limit of 8 hours per day, or 40 hours per week, is considered overtime. Â This law sets up responsibilities of the families, the schools, and the government with regard to the protection of childrenâs rights, and judicial protection, as well.. 2007-03/05/content_5800253.htm (external link) (last visited Aug. 7, 2007). The age you can start work depends on the state or territory that you work in. The previous Law/Legal jobs posted here for China are no longer available. Â These special schools are to be equipped with sites and facilities which adapt to the study, recovery, and living needs of the disabled children. - Applicant's valid actual passport with at least six months before expiry and at least one blank page left in it. 6.Â 2001 Gazette Of The Standing Committee Of The National People's Congress 40 (P.R.C.) Their families are poor so they are willing to work to earn some money. 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